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Archived Workshops/References

Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse

Description

The salt marsh harvest mouse (Reithrodontomys raviventris), is an endangered rodent endemic to the San Francisco Bay Area salt marshes in California. There are two distinct subspecies, both endangered and listed together on federal and state endangered species lists.

Its endangered designation is due to its limited range, historic decline in population and continuing threat of habitat loss due to development encroachment at the perimeter of San Francisco Bay. The salt marsh harvest mouse has lost much of its habitat to extensive development of bayside marshland, pollution, boat activity, and commercial salt harvesting. It has been on the endangered lists since the 1970s, and has protected habitat within numerous Bay Area wildlife refuges.

The mice depend heavily on vegetation cover, particularly pickleweed and tules (Schoenoplectus spp.). Pickleweed (Salicornia virginica) is their primary and preferred habitat as well their main food source; However, R. raviventris are found in a variety of marsh habitats, including diked and tidal wetlands.

Training Programs

Ecology of Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse Sep 10, 2019